Is was a great book about a little nown part of World War II history Using the writings of a specific Jewish family the author vividly describes the escape fr Countrymen covers an important story the evacuation of Danish Jews during WWII After a swift Nazi invasion and uick Danish capitulation in early 1940 Denmark was largely left with limited Nazi oversight for the first three years In fact there were only eighty Nazi and Wermacht administrators in Denmark as opposed to than 20000 in Vichy France By late 1943 Danish officials were already aware of the genocide being perpetrated against the Jews by the Nazis in Poland and elsewhere The Danish constitution with its explicit support of eual rights for minorities was ingrained in most of the Danish populace and the officials and citizens were staunchly against any roundup In Copenhagen Nazi officials up to that point had been There are not too many books about the Holocaust that help restore the reader s faith in humanity but this falls within that category uite apart from that this is an excellent read both as a history and as a dramatic storyDenmark had a or less uniue relationship with Nazi Germany during WW2 The King and the Government decided not to resist the German invasion in 1940 in exchange for guarantees that Denmark would continue to manage its internal affairs maintain its democracy and remain neutral in the war Effectively the Danes chose to accept occupation and a limited level of cooperation with the Nazis as opposed to a heroic but futile defence that would have cost many lives and resulted in full blown Nazi rule It wa I had long heard the myth about King Christian not bowing to the Germans regarding identifying the Danish Jews Little did I The Art of Memoir know the real truth This is an amazing story of ordinary people stepping up to the plate and no matter the conseuence to themselves doing the right thing That a nation of people would respond with such dignity respect and humanity without a real organized base is amazing That Sweden would also respond with openness and humanity made it possible Some of philosophical comments at the end reuire pondering Would this have been possible in a different country We just don tnow The other uestion I always ask myself is What would I do in this situation I freuently find myself realizing my character would have been wanting I thank Bo Lidegaard and the families who shared their memoirs for sharing this story with the world In the history of Nazi Germany s persecution of the Jews there aren t many happy stories Usually the best we can manage is a family hidden in the attic or an individual who slipped away But the case of Denmark where 7000 Danes were Jewish stands out even if it doesn t start very promisinglyWhen Germany attacked in April 1940 Denmark s leaders didn t believe the country was strong enough to resist Instead of putting up a fight Denmark became an occupied country that still retained some Semblance Of Self Government A of self government a most Danes found humiliating And given Germany s record of persecution against Jews Danish leaders did everything they thought possible to avert a roundup of their citizens Yet when it finally came on October 1 1943 the people themselves managed to help nearly all the Jews to escape to Sweden Out of those 7000 only a few hundred were captured by the GermansGiven that I am one uarter Danish my grandmother and her parents emigrated around 1900 I really looked forward to this history And it s an inspiring story of how the Danish people helped their countrymen escape what everyone The Day Christ Was Born: The True Account of the First 24 Hours of Jesus's Life knew was a death sentence The risks people took were very real and dangerous and neighbors even cared for the property of the refugees instead of the opportunistic looting that generally happened in other places The book focuses mostly on the Hannover and Marcus families two sisters as well as their father but other sources and stories are included as well I found it especially interesting how peoplenew what the Germans were doing to the Jews not always in vague or general terms and yet they still found it hard to believe it would happen in Denmark instead trusting in the honor of the occupation forces And yet if it hadn t been for some information leaks the number who escaped might have been smallUnfortunately it s also a very ponderous book that can easily overwhelm an otherwise eager reader at a snail s pace Freuently accounts of the same event are uoted at length from multiple sources giving a complete view of the events but also dragging on for pages with little gained As such it may be a scholarly work but made it hard for me to engage as an ordinary reader I found the book interesting while I was reading it but it was difficult to find much enthusiasm to pick it up again in between readings Nonetheless this is an important story and one I am glad to now but it s not an easy read and I was unable to finish Oh and that story about King Christian and the people all wearing Jewish stars in a show of solidarity
IT S JUST A STOR. NG THAT FLOATED s just a stor. Ng that floated Sweden While the bare facts of this exodus have been nown for decades astonishingly no full history of it has been written Unfolding on a day to day basis Countrymen brings together accounts written by individuals and officials as events happened offering a comprehensive overview that underlines occupied Denmark’s historical importance to Hitler as a prop for the model Nazi state and revealing the savage conflict among top Nazi brass for control of the country This is a story of ordinary glory of simple courage and moral fortitude that shines out in the midst of the terrible history of the twentieth century and demonstrates how it was possible for a small and fragile democracy to stand against the Third Reich . .
Bo Lidegaard Ú 2 Download.
A history of Denmark s responses TO ANTI SEMITIC SENTIMENT AND THE Semitic sentiment and occupation from the 1930s through the direct aftermath of the end of WWII In 1940 Germany assaulted Denmark by land sea and air landing troops simultaneously in fifteen different locations including the middle of Copenhagen The German minister to Denmark then handed the Danish government the terms and conditions by which Denmark would surrender to occupation by Germany In return for the products of Danish agriculture and industry and being a model of how occupation by Germany was peaceful and preferable Denmark would not be obliterated and instead be allowed a certain degree of sovereignty This tense but largely peaceful situation was brought to a close in the summer of 1943 when a wave of strikes sabotage and civil riots caused the Germans to issue an ultimatum introduce martial law and the death penalty The Danish government refused and all elected politicians submitted their resignation meaning that there was no Dane with a mandate from the electorate to head a new government The Germans imposed martial law in Denmark in response the Danish navy scuttled the vast majority of their fleet so it could not be used by the Germans All this sounds stirring but it had one hugely negative aspect it meant the Danish had already played their hand and no longer had anything to threaten Germany with in exchange for leaving the Danish Jews alone Reich plenipotentiary Werner Best issued a telegram to Hitler in September 8 1943 saying he was going to implement a resolution of the Jewishissue in Denmark Then he spent the next few weeks avoiding or lying to every Danish person he spoke to assuring them that no anti Jewish action was in the works On October 1 1943 German soldiers swept Denmark looking for people they thought were Jewish Many had already escaped to Sweden the two countries are very geographically close and Sweden publicly announced they d welcome them or were hidden by their fellow countrymen Even Danish police officers ran interference for the refugees turning a blind eye lying to German officers and warning those in hiding of imminent raids As a result the majority though sadly not all of identified Jewish people in Denmark escaped arrestThe conclusion of this book summarizes what happened to various prominent figures after the war ended like the Jewish Danes whose diaries provided substance for this book or the German and Danish higher ups It seems like none of the German officers were punished with much than a few years in jail at maximum which is very upsetting The Jewish refugees returned to Denmark to find that their homes and businesses had been largely left untouched their valuables ept in safe eeping for their return One became the second secretary general of the United Nations Another beueathed Marienberg to the Danish government which has ever after served as the official residence of the Danish prim minister And the resistance to the arrest of Jewish Danes helped the reputation of Denmark in the post war worldLidegaard s basic thesis which others have theorized as well is that the national full throated open rejection of the Nazi s claims that Jews were a separate race not Danish or any PostgreSQL Server Programming - Second Edition kind of problem was the saving force for Jewish Danes Resistance based on unwavering principle actually worked And as Lidegaard says By completely rejecting the ideas that excluded the Jews from the national us Denmark deprived the Nazis of the fig leaf they needed to justify discrimination and legitimize the deedAll fascinating But this was not a fascinating book I don tnow if it was a translation issue or what but I found this very dry and difficult to maintain interest in Although ostensibly organized by time which each chapter constituting another day in practice the narrative goes off on long tangents about this figure s political backstory or this person s business practices The majority of the book is made up of Lidegaard explaining a diary entry of a Jewish refugee to us then the diary entry itself then his paraphrasing the diary entry Over and over And since almost all the diaries he draws on are from a single family they all cover the same ground and the exact same events It felt repetitive This was particularly frustrating because apparently there were strikes sabotages of Danish industry and the German occupying forces resistance groups organized etc but we don t get get any details whatsoever about any of that I wanted this to cover the actual Danish resistance but it absolutely doesn t So all of Lidegaard s high minded conclusions about the importance of the Danish people s responses to the German occupation and demands ring a little hollow because nothing in the book related to that The main reason I picked this book up was to discern why certain countries or societies reject Otherizing and creating scapegoats and why others don t and a hope that I could find certain strategies for helping my fellows who have already been Otherized Nothing in here would he. Amid the dark ghastly history of World War II the literally extraordinary story never before fully researched by a historian of how the Danish people banded together to save their fellow Jews from the Nazis told through the remarkable unpublished diaries and documents of families forced to run for safety leaving their homes and possessions behind and of those who courageously came to their aid In 1943 with its ing and administration weakened but intact during the Nazi occupation Denmark did something that no other country in Western Europe even attempted Anticipating that the German occupying powers would soon issue the long feared order to round up the entire population of Jews for deportation to concentration camps the Danish peop. Lp with that This isn t Lidegaard s fault he had a different story and message to tell but it did mean this book fault he had a different story and message to tell but it did mean this book even less satisfying to me an amazing story of how Denmark saved its Jews from Nazi Germany Among all of the nations of Europe that were conuered by Nazi Germany in World War II Denmark stands alone in protecting its Jewish population In 1943 when the ing his ministers and the parliament of Denmark understood that Nazi Germany was coming to ensnare their Jewish population and send them to concentration and death camps they simply said No While the government used its limited powers to confound and confuse its enemy in Berlin the warning went out to Jews that a catastrophe was at hand This warning enabled most Danish Jews to find a place to hide or to escape to neutral or Allied nations At the same time the Danish government made it clear to Nazi Germany that no one would aid them in capturing innocent Jews Over 14 days Danish citizens found ways to hide and protect Jews destined to be exterminated Out of a population of about 7000 Danish Jews a shocking 6500 managed to escape primarily to Sweden via a clandestine flotilla of fishing boats and naval crafts of all The Taste of Night (Signs of the Zodiac, kinds This exodus has beennown for decades But this is the first time that all facets of the miraculous escape have been systematically collected and made public Based on the family diaries of several Danish Jewish families these amazing accounts of heroism have finally been made available This volume proffers the heart stopping escapes of many Jewish families fleeing local police the Wehrmacht and the Gestapo These stories of moral fortitude and astonishing courage bring to light the magnitude of tolerance in Denmark and their willingness to risk their own lives in fighting Nazi Germany From September 26 until October 9 1943 Nazi Germany initiated a capture of all Danish Jews After a slow start during which there was some confusion about who was a full Jew half Jew one uarter Jew and so on the Gestapo soon engaged in a widespread collection of every Jew and potential Jew in Denmark Germany enlisted the assistance of Danish police which soon turned into a farce as Danes refused Sweden next door to Denmark remained neutral in World War II As overland escape routes from Denmark into Sweden were virtually nonexistent the bulk of Jewish refugees had to escape via the ocean Thousands of boats from large cargo ships to fishing trawlers to rowboats anything that floated served as vehicles for escape The captains owners and crew of these ships risked their own lives to aid Danish Jews Helpless in the face of capture and probable death Jewish Danes gradually accepted their fate and made plans to leave their only means of escape boats and ships controlled by gentile Danes Leaving their homes property businesses schools and friends behind Jews sought escape in every city town and village with a harbor or boats They Thoroughly researched and detailed but tedious and repetitiveIt was worth reading because it told of a remarkable people whose social values and unity made it difficult for the Nazis to persecute the Danish Jews Even when it became
inevitable and all the Jews were to be rounded up in a one night raid most of them were warnedand all the Jews were to be rounded up in a one night raid most of them were warned were hidden in the homes of their non Jewish friends and neighbors They were moved at great risk to ports to escape to Sweden which welcomed them Even those who were caught and sent to a concentration camp in Scandinavia were treated much better than in other camps and most of them survived the warWhy couldn t the Nazis mistreat the Jews Because they realized that they needed public support In other nations anti Semitism led to co operation by the citizens Denmark perhaps because it is such a small nation and has of a sense of commun Here in time for the 70th anniversary of the rescue in October 1943 of Denmark s Jewish residents from the Holocaust It seems to be the first full Danish account of the event using new research notably the diaries by people who took part in the event It s not the first work focused on this rescue Leni Yahil s 1967 work The Rescue of Danish Jewry Test of a Democracy which Mr Lidegaard cites came first Nonetheless Bo Lidegaard has given us a full account of the attempted German roundup the extraordinary mobilization of the Danes to remove the Jews to Sweden and the continuing Danish effort to find the few Jews who fell into the netThe book has many revelations the not so passive resistance by the Danish government and King from the occupation in April 1940 onward the studied indifference the blind eye by most Danish and German police as the refugees fled the surprising diffidence by ey SS figures notably Werner Best their chief in Denmark the Danish mindset w Among many leftist Americans there is an understandable reluctance to think that citizenship is a useful way to think about our identity because even since the passage of the 14th Amendment citizenship hasn t done much for many citizens And if the righ Th. Le stood up in defiance and resisted The ing politicians and ordinary civilians were united in their response these threatened people were not simply Jews but fellow Danes who happened to be Jewish and no one would help in rounding them up for confinement and deportation While diplomats used their limited but very real power to maneuver and impede matters in both Copenhagen and Berlin the warning that the crisis was at hand uickly spread through the Jewish community Over fourteen harrowing days as they were helped hidden and protected by ordinary people who spontaneously rushed to save their fellow citizens an incredible 7742 out of 8200 Jewish refugees were smuggled out all along the coast on ships schooners fishing boats anythi. .