PDF NEW ISIS The State of Terror ✓ Jessica Stern
ISIS practice is to recruit and train children for combat an internationally recognized war crime Long term exposure to extreme violence can erode moral concerns as young people become inured to death and killing It encourages an extreme uest for purification and woe to anyone deemed inadeuately pure From the Express articleBut ISIS also promotes a civilized image portraying a growing caliphate where devout Muslims can live the good life among their peers Of course the peers part may not really hold for women who are likelier to find themselves sexually enslaved and traded among Islamic fighters than they are to live an idyllic life closer to Allah ISIS also produces slick action oriented videos instead of stale single frame lectures by old guys instructing viewers on a particular interpretation of a Koranic issue They cover diverse subjects including global warmingThere is a look as well on the impact of Western involvement in Syria and Ira One unintended conseuence has been that the West has done an excellent ob of clearing paths for ISIS by taking out Syrian rebel groups that were hostile to them What one comes away with is at both ends of the spectrum You can see how disturbed and disturbing these folks are Scary crazy homicidal people no uestion Also giving the devil his due how smart and contemporary they have been in mastering social media leaving al uaeda in their dust You will also gain a much nuanced understanding of what al aeda is and how it functions Add in an appreciation for the difference between terrorism and insurgencyWhat is to be done Opinions differ of course It begins with a vision of the threat Is ISIS an existential threat to the West Clearly not They lack the sort of global destructive capacity of say the Russian or American nuclear arsenals Are they a threat to Western access to Middle Eastern petroleum resources While ISIS can certainly cause mayhem in their neck of the woods they are not yet and may not ever be strong enough to take on Saudi Arabia or Iran At the point at which such a threat presents the West can be expected to ramp up its military engagement whether directly or through client states The immediate specific threat to Western resource access IMHO is to the oil fields of Ira If those are threatened than they have already been expect the big guns to get involvedSome seem to believe that dropping daisy cutters wherever ISIS has planted a flag is the best way to eliminate the threat It is also an excellent way of ensuring a continuing supply of anti Western sentiment in the region You do not save a village by destroying it and one would expect that there is plenty of anti ISIS sentiment within areas ISIS controls Who would know better how awful these people are than those subject to their rule and why would you want to eliminate a potential source of anti ISIS rebellionOne option would be to direct military resources to containing ISIS or trying to anyway within a defined area and let them drown in their own inability to rule Terror does not produce crops distribute clean water or manufacture desirable consumer goods An ISIS led society is uite likely to collapse from within given some time Of course enforcing a territorial limit on ISIS has not exactly been successful so far so this maybe purely a theoretical option It is also worth examining why it is that so many Islamic folks in the West whether their heritage is Middle Eastern or not have been radicalized to support ISIS and other crazies cut from the same cloth Also it is worth considering that ISIS did not arise from some peaceable society like a sudden disease Syria and Ira have been something less than idyllic for uite a while From the iron fists of Saddam Hussein and Bashir Assad to the ham fisted approach of Western militaries there is plenty of blame to go around for ensuring ongoing miseryWhile I found this to be a fascinating information rich book there was one item that I found puzzling At the beginning of the book the authors offer a very useful glossary and a timeline of relevant events I was struck in the latter by the absence of an entry for the date in May 2003 when the USA led Coalition Provisional Authority dismissed the Irai army putting over two hundred thousand young Irai men with guns on the street Surely providing a vast pool of resentful potential recruits for a ihadist movement deserves a place on that list The paperback version begins the timeline with April 2005 but the original hardcover version starts with March 20 2003 Not sure why they chopped off the first ten entries from the earlier version but in any case the Army dismissal is uite significant and should have been included The challenge of ISIS is likely to be with us uite a while a generation at least and the residue of their crimes will echo for decades to come even were they to be eliminated as a politicalmilitary force tomorrow It is important than ever that approaches to meeting this challenge be based on knowledge rather than bombast on nuance rather than nonsense on facts rather than falsehoods Stern and Berger s insightful look into one of the most dangerous political players in the world is a must read for anyone interested in gaining an informed view of what ISIS is how they arose and what they are planning We need all the intelligent analysis we can get if we are to stop their reign of terror before they becomes a global threat Published March 12 2015The paperback edition was released February 9 2016This review posted March *18 2016 EXTRA STUFF Links to the author s personal Twitter and FB pagesLinks to the author s personal *2016 EXTRA STUFF Links to the author s personal Twitter and FB pagesLinks to the author s personal and FB pagesFour excerpts are available on the Brookings blog Lawfare Smart Mobs Ultraviolence and Civil Society ISIS Innovations The Race to Caliphate ISIS and Sexual Slavery ISIS as Cult Some news reports of interest To Maintain Supply of Sex Slaves ISIS Pushes Birth Control NY Times By Rukmini Callimach March 12 2016 ISIS Trail of Terror ABC News By Lee Ferran and Rum Momtaz Now depraved ISIS militants encourage children to execute their parents The Express 11316 by Patrick MaguireYou might want to check out The Management of Savagery a how to for terrorists that has been a field manual for ISISAn interesting piece on how ISIS terror on the continent How ISIS Built the Machinery of Terror Under Europe s Gaze by Rukmini Callimachi New York Times March 29 2016The US is adding boots on the virtual ground in the war with ISIS
US Cyberattacks Target ISISCyberattacks Target ISIS a New Line of Combat by David Sanger April 24 2016 New York TimesThis fascinating piece in The Interpreter feature of the New York Times looks at commonalities between what it calls intimate terrorism and its broader manifestations in light of the outrage in Orlando Control and Fear What Mass Killings and Domestic Violence Have in Common By Amanda Taub June 15 2016August 1 2017 NY Times a sad piece on the devastation left behind by ISIS and the war on it In Mosul Revealing the Last ISIS Stronghold by Ivor PrickettNovember 21 2018 The growth of cyber tooled terrorism is alarming This Politico piece by former assistant AG for the DoJ s security division John P Carlin should cause you some lost sleep Inside the Hunt for the World s Most Dangerous Terrorist This book tells the fast moving story of ISIS up to December 2014 and a bit of early 2015 update It has good reference material in that it includes a time line from its origin in 2003 a glossary and a history in short labeled dictionary style entries showing the influences that created this group including the prophet the caliphate the Sunni and Shi a split Salafism Waging War and a summary of what the book defines as ISIS s Radical among Radicals The authors are on difficult ground and do well in sticking with what is probably known and when it is apt to change It is well footnoted with current authoritative sources The authors keep the argon down and choose their words very carefully so the history is readable and clearThe first part the narrative history was the best for me There was on social media and the Twitter battles than I d have liked but as the author s say cyberspace is one of the battlefields In the end the problems for policy makers are discussed Solutions which run from letting them rot on their own to major intervention are discussed The authors recommend some actions at the endThroughout the book the contrast with Al aeda the organization from which ISIS sprung is highlighted You come to understand the strengths and vulnerabilities of ISIS and the problems for not The Humanities, Higher Education, and Academic Freedom just policy makers today but also the dim possibility for a civil society for those living in its pathThe book gave me insight on how this group emerged its appeal to young people how it fits into the terror networks ISIS Twitter WarAt times this book is very interesting and informative At times it is rambling and incoherent in desperate need of some editingWhile the first few chapters are well fashioned Berger created software that aggregates Twitter content It seems that most of this book is about ISIS social media campaign I m sure that this is important but not as important as what is happening on the ground Moreover the authors totally ignore the culture changes in Al aeda since the demise of Bin Laden This is important because of the contest for presence between the Islamic State and al aedaThe authors do make some sound observations and recommendations However these are diminished by the focus on social media The book is a purely academic discussion of the origination and evolution of ISIS the movement spearheading Islamicihad at the moment I completely agreed with the authors that the illegal and spurious War in Ira was the major enabler for this super terrorist organization to grow into a state no matter how rudimentary it is The incarnation of ISIS leadership in Irai concentration camps worked like a University enabling the young men to produce an organization which has created such havoc in the Middle East But there was far too much focus on the affects of ISIS on the West instead of highlighting the hundreds of thousands of Middle Eastern s getting directly demonized and terrorized by this vile organization For too long the Middle East has been used by the West powers like the British and US as well as Russia to make mine and manage at their whims Middle East needs stable governments whether these happen to be democratic or not is besides the point Instability creates a vacuum in which organization like ISIS breed with impunity The Illegality of the War in Ira needs to be recognized widely as a major mistake so that valuable lessons on not to meddle in other countries without provocation are not repeated by the Powerfu. Dcast its atrocities and its recruiting pitch to the world including its success at attracting thousands of Western adherents The authors examine ISIS’s predatory abuse of women and children and its use of horror to manipulate world leaders and its own adherents as it builds its twisted society The authors offer a much needed perspective on how world leaders should prioritize and respond to ISIS’s deliberate and insidious provocations .
Free read È PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ Jessica SternWere Saddam s generals The result was that by June 2014 ISIS had captured Fallujah Mosul and Tikrit On June 29 2014 ISIS declared the Islamic Caliphate an action designed to subsume all Shakespeare jihadi organizations including al aeda under their leadership ISIS abhorrent approach to human life continued but their sophisticated messaging now included a vision of the type of society it wanted to createAbout half way through the book the authors switch their approach from a historical narrative supported by many keen insights to a sociological psychological dimension Chapters dealing with the importance of how ISIS employs technology and social messaging including how twitter Facebook YouTube and other social media are used to recruit foreigners tooin the new Caliphate and spread their influence throughout the Middle East and beyond The authors explore how ISIS presents a strange dichotomy of ultra violence and civil disorder as it streamed its propaganda and vision of society that went beyond the violence of BWWM (Interracial Romance BWWM African American Multicultural Romance) jihadism ie governing and social services The sophistication of ISIS approach to the media and the digital film world are detailed ISIS professionalization of film making and messaging are designed to attract fighters but also middle management In effect what ISIS is engaged in is cyberihad with electronic brigades that allow them to create new opportunities to expand their brand The authors examine the new psychology of terrorism and how it is used to influence their enemies and maintain control of other Seers Stone (Hidden Alchemy jihadi organizations world wide The main problem they export is disproportionate dread and the manipulation of perception that the west has yet to counterAccording to Stern and Berger ISIS message differed from the approach that was offered by al aeda whom they saw as defeatist because they never believed that the Caliphate would be achieved in their lifetime Their message is one of extremism itself but purified They offer no rationalizations of self defense against the westust revenge No longer will there be subtle assumptions of weakness Caveman Alien’s Riddle (Caveman Aliens, just aggression and shocking violence and strength No talking about a generational conflict the Caliphate had been proclaimed Their combination of successful strategy aggressive messaging and an appeal to strength over weakness has proven uneually powerful and energized at least tens of thousands of ardent supporters 197The latter part of the book explores the current state of ISIS as of early January 2015 and the authors are fully cognizant that things may have changed since the book went to press Stein and Becker offer advice as to how to deal with ISIS and suggest that a different approach than has been used in the past should be implemented Military action to decapitate the leadership of a country does not always prove successful Once the leadership is gone we are then faced with situations that have existed in Ira since 2004 and recently in Libya after the overthrow of Moammar Gadhafi President Obama may call for the defeat and destruction of ISIS but what we must accept is that this has become a generational problem as the authors point to the indoctrination of children by ISIS so that once the current leadership has passed a new generation will take over The book also includes a detailed appendix dealing with Islamic thought and history that nicely supplements the main text Explaining the differences between Shi a and Sunni Islam Salafism and Wahhabism and the different interpretations ofihad are important to understanding what has occurred and where we go from here The book is based on interviews and secondary sources and at this point is one of the two best monographs on the topic The other ISIS INSIDE THE ARMY OF TERROR by Michael Weiss and Hassan Hassan will be presented in my next review Read and reviewed in May 2015 Although I was familiar with IslamismIslamic extremism I did not know of ISIS before summer 2013 and Obama s announcement of this name and of this group s expansion And since then I haven t come close to keeping up with the long analytical articles about the movement But their spreading terrorism and the recent news of their capture of Palmyra forced my hand to learn I chose this book rather than the Michael Weiss book published at the same time because I trust Jessica Stern Terror in the Mind of God and her haunting memoir Denial Turns out that this book was exactly what I was looking for This was like a Cliffs Notes overview of the organization touching on their origins and emergence how they differ from al aeda their various names IS ISIS ISIL DAESH etc the announcement of the caliphate their interpretation of ihad and Safaist Islam their hierarchical structure and leaders their use of social media esp Twitter and unforgettably their barbarism child soldiers rapes torture and the thousands of beheadings The book is repetitive each chapter could almost stand alone but the repeated names and their significance Zarawi Zawahiri Abu Bakr al Bagdadi reinforced my recallIn a status update while reading I mentioned that the bookthe subject is horrifying ie terrifying but Stern and Berger would urge me not to dwell on that They take a sort of if you live in fear then the terrorists win approach and instead they offer expert suggestions in how to handle not necessarily to fight ISIS what we may expect in the future or as the book went to press and that whacking the mole on social media isn t going to kill the movement but it does make it difficult for them to reach their followersAside If and when I need to index a scholarly book about the Islamic *State And I See The *and I see the whack a mole I will now recognize that this is an indexable term used by terrorism experts violent apocalyptic groups are not inhibited by the possibility of offending their political constituents because they see themselves as participating in the ultimate battle Apocalyptic groups are the most likely terrorist groups to engage in acts of barbarism and to attempt to use rudimentary weapons of mass destruction Their actions are also significantly harder to predict than the actions of politically motivated groups For most of us the acronym ISIS conjures up an array of images mostly of a dark sort Beheadings suicide bombers desert fighters usually of Middle Eastern extraction fanaticism in short and bloody All this Is Pretty Much The Case But There Is So Much pretty much the case but
there is so much know about this entity the latest in a longis so much know about this entity the latest in a long of international boogeymen How did ISIS come to be What do they want What differentiates them from other extremist groups And what might be done about them Jessica Stern image from Backlight a Dutch news program ISIS The State of Terror attempts to look past the Kalashnikovs and keffiyehs to get a deeper understanding of this very scary organization The Islamic State of Ira and Syria aka The Islamic State of Ira and the Levent aka The Islamic State did not arise whole from the sands Stern and Berger trace the growth of ISIS from its beginning as al aeda in Ira headed by a career criminal through the chaos in Ira and Syria to a rejection of al aeda in favor of a local territorial aim JM Berger from The NY TimesOne of the very interesting distinctions made here is between al aeda in a way a removed entity interested in catalyzing this or that A franchise playing a long game and ISIS s direct immediate territorial ambitions There is enough in here on the many battles political and kinetic among many of the like minded groups in the area but not so much as to glaze your eyes From the ABS News pieceWith chronic instability in Ira and growing instability in Syria the table was set for many groups to try to seize pieces and ISIS had a compelling selling point They claimed they were about re establishing the caliphate a centuries old dream of uniting much of the Middle East under Islamic law ruled by a caliph Al aeda had been promising this but in the long term ISIS every time they gained real estate proclaimed it ever louder as a reality And ISIS has gained a considerable swath of real estate in the area This became a major selling point The most interesting element of the book for me was following how ISIS mastered communication skills using expertise from contributors across the planet including from Americans It grew from exchanging information on restricted sites to using Facebook and Twitter How successful is the West s Whack a mole strategy against the proliferation of ihadi sites FB and Twitter identities How does ISIS try to get around it ISIS has been very successful at getting out their message Well that should be messages as it is of two general sorts ISIS is fond of creating videos showing extreme violence combat and executions the bloodier the better This serves several purposes not least of which is to encourage folks with a sociopathic bent to come on down and let their urges loose ISIS really is recruiting an army of psycho killers Such hateful propaganda has an impact on their enemies as well as Irai soldiers for example when faced with ISIS fighters have been inclined to flee than to risk capture and certain execution Not only did ISIS implement a draconian regime of crime and punishment which its members believed to be divinely ordained but it celebrated and painstakingly documented the process in its propaganda publicizing everything from the destruction of cigarettes and drug stashes to the amputation of thieves hands under the supervision of trained doctors to the genocidal extermination and enslavement of Irai minorities In many ways the combination of elements was unprecedented Nazi Germany whose parallels in propaganda and brutality often invited comparisons to ISIS had produced masterful propaganda while carrying out a painstakingly documented program of genocide but these were separate efforts Its propaganda did not celebrate the genocide rather it served to ustify an imperative to act in the name of national and racial purity without sharing the gruesome reality The Nazis did not broadcast their atrocities to the world In stark contrast ISIS presented its vision of a demented utopia in which children played with severed heads and ran laughing down streets lined with mangled bodies instead of trees A seemingly endless procession of atrocities was captured in photographs and videos and distributed through both official and unofficial channels on social media One of the many extreme measures ISIS employs has been called total organization This is an attempt to remove all influence from prior or outside cultures It includes a monopoly on education and control of all aspects of life a truly totalitarian approach This techniue was employed by Pol Pot in the 1970s in Cambodia A related. New model for violent extremism that ISIS has leveraged into an empire of death in Ira and Syria and an international network that is rapidly expanding in the Middle East North Africa and around the worldISIS The State of Terror traces the ideological innovations that the group deploys to recruit unprecedented numbers of Westerners the composition of its infamous snuff videos and the technological tools it exploits on social media to broa. ,
Easily the most academic book length material I ve read on the subject I don t want these guys knocking on my door someday passing out literature or heads or whatever This report on the state of Islamic terror worldwide is essential to our understanding of a new kind of ideological warfare and how it is fought In addition it raises issues of security far from the physical battlefields in Syria or Ira and describes the ways in which bad actors influence surveillance and curbs on free speech Finally it contrasts Al aeda with ISIS along many threads and leaves open the possibility that one will eventually absorb the otherThe West has too often found itself fighting the last war when the next war is taking shape before its eyes Faced with the expansionist populist rise of ISIS we cannot afford to keep making that mistakeThe authors describe the online presence of ISIS and the methods used to gain followers through media sites The Twitter Wars fought among splinter ideologues and referred to in newspaper reports are laid out in ravishingly detail and the analysis is explicit and thoughtful Especially interesting is the informed discussion on whether attempts to limit ISIS participation on social media sites controlled by US organizations ie Twitter Facebook etc helps or hurts attempts to reign in ISIS influence Stern and Berger define terrorism terrorism is psychological warfare and remind us people understandably forget sometimes that terrorism is ultimately intended to send a message to the body politic rather than being a pragmatic effort to destroy an enemy The particular makeup of our psychologies make us susceptible to fear when the chances of death or maiming by terrorist plot is vanishingly low even when compared to a car accident while driving to work in the morning The terrorists are taking advantage of those irrational fears and can be extraordinarily effective in desensitizing large groups of people to empathy In the most successful attempt yet to explain the extreme violence shown online by ISIS Stern Berger positEmpathy canbecome attenuatedwhen a person is too often severely frightened too often victimized or too often involved in perpetrating violence Freuent exposure to savagery is one way to reduce a person s capacity to feel When a person is trained or trains himself to feel less empathy and its absence becomes a trait he becomes capable of dehumanizing others putting him at risk of acts of extreme cruelty In our view ISIS is using freuent exposure to violence as a technology to erode empathy among its followersThis theory helps to explain why ISIS is involved in teaching and training young children the younger the better in weapons training and inculcation young children are easier to mold into ISIS s vision of this new manLeadership decapitation is significantly less likely to be effective against organizations that prepare children to step into their fathers shoes Regarding desensitization to extreme violence residents of Raa reportthat children are taught how to behead another human being and are given blond dolls on which to practice In the last sections of the book before the Appendix in which they give background information and definitions the authors consider possible outcomes of Western involvement in the attempt to crush ISIS and ask the uestion should we be fighting against ISIS or for something The authors suggest that we must be held responsible for US tactics or policies that are actually inciting rage and violence drone strikes extraordinary rendition regime change torture and the misguided promotion of electoral democracy around the world We must find better ways to balance our security against common sense and widely accepted ethical principles That means refusing to rush in to war every time we are invited by someone waving a black flag but it also means taking a closer look at our strategies and tactics and asking how they can better reflect our values In the conflict with ISIS messaging and image are half the battle and we do ourselves no favors when we refuse to discuss the negative conseuences of our actions Jessica Stern is a policy analyst specializing in terrorism affiliated with Harvard s School of Public Health and the Hoover Institution Task Force on National Security and Law JM Berger is a nonresident fellow in the Project for US Relations with the Islamic World at the Brookings Institution Both appear to have closely monitored the appearance and development of ISIS outreach online and seem to be defining a new kind of war that has enormous implications for how we live our lives now and in the future to say nothing of how we fight As an aside I was talking to my older son yesterday and when he saw the cover of this book he said There s a book about ISIS that s in the waiting room at work and some people were really mad that it was there Hmm I said It seems to me that when people have expressed the desire to destroy you and your society it would be wise to learn as much about them as possible if only so you re better euipped to stop themStern and Berger have some impressive credentials and their look into the history and workings of ISIS is as insightful as it is horrifying While the authors themselves admit that this is a developing issue so the completeness of this volume is limited by the mutable nature of the situation But they do address the issues of Islamic fundamentalism and the ways in which the various branches thereof interact and clash thoroughly than most such studies It s not the be all and end all book on the topic but it s a good place to start for anyone who wants to know about ISIS its roots and its goals It didn t
Happen Overnight But Theovernight but the woke up to the nightmare of ISIS in summer 2014 Before that ISIS was in the news but not the way it wanted to be and only as an obscure offshoot of A So It changed that forever when a gruesome video of barbaric murder of James Foley an American ournalist spread over internet like wildfire It introduced the world to an extremist group that was brutal violent and powerful than any other terrorist organization A group of terrorists who celebrated violence and mayhem were now in control of large parts of Syria and Ira They still are and for all we know it wont be easy to get rid of them Jessica Stern and JMBerger wrote this book with a *profound clarity and academic neutrality Starting from the rise of Zarawi the main force behind the ideology of ISIS his ruthles *clarity and academic neutrality Starting from the rise of Zarawi the main force behind the ideology of ISIS his ruthles a time when we see images of Irai forces backed by Iranian supported Shi a militias trying to retake Saddam Hussein s home of Tikrit from the Islamic States of Ira and Syria ISIS and we witness young girls leaving their homes in London and make their way through Turkey to Agricultural Development: An International Perspective (Johns Hopkins Studies in Development) join theihad in Syria it raises enumerable uestions for politicians and the public worldwide Foremost is how did we arrive at this point with ISIS ISIL IS or whatever their name is at the moment In addition how culpable is the United States for the situation that it finds itself in today returning troops to Ira engaging in a major bombing campaign in Ira and Syria spending millions if not billions of dollars on an Irai army that when confronted with ISIS soldiers months ago fled in fear and left behind enough weaponry and euipment to enhance ISIS already burgeoning military machine The answers to these uestions can be found in Jessica Stern and JM Berger s new book ISIS THE STATE OF TERROR one of the first books that seriously attempts to analyze the rise of ISIS concentrating on the fallout from the American invasion of Ira in 2003 its evolution under al aeda and its eviction from that organization to its announcement of the new Islamic Caliphate and its employment of technology and advanced propaganda strategies to attract foreigners to fight and organize their new stateBeginning with the horrific beheading of Loves Abuse Warrior Camp journalist James Foley on August 19 2014 the authors begin to unravel the rise of ISIS and why the United States did not see the latestihadi organization coming The origin of ISIS emerged from the mind of Abu Musab al Zarawi a Jordanian who Contemporary African literature joined the insurgency against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan as it was drawing to a close in 1989 Partially radicalized by Sheik Abu Muhammad al Madisi the architect ofihadi Salafism Zarawi would spend the greater part of the 1990s in a Jordanian prison where he was further drawn to Islamic extremism Zarawi brought a sectarian approach to his understanding of 120 Content Strategies for English Language Learners jihad and the United States gave his beliefs a purpose when they invaded Ira in 2003 Zarawi was able to develop al aeda in Ira AI because of American policy errors When Paul Bremer head of the Coalition Provisional Authority disbanded the Irai military and fired all of Saddam Hussein s Ba ath Party members from civil service positions there were few trained people left to maintain government services and it produced thousands of angry Sunnis who had military and civil training The result has been the development of an insurgency that the US was unprepared for The authors correctly argue that the US created the environment for Zarawi s brutal tactics and rabid sectarianism The second major error the US committed was throwing its support behind Nuri al Maliki a supposedly moderate Shi a Muslim to be Prime Minister in 2006 Maliki would prove to be a very divisive figure with strong ties to Iran His policies turned Sunni Irais against his government as promises of political power and integration into the military never came to fruition By 2006 a full scale sectarian war had broken out resulting in the death of Zarawi by an American air strike and months later a coalition ofihadi insurgents announcing the creation of the Islamic State of Ira ISI under the leadership of Abu Omar al Baghdadi As Maliki cracked down on Sunni leadership and purged them from positions of power Sunnis fearful of their government and Shia militias had no place to turn to hence they looked to ISIOnce the authors explained the origins of ISIS they move on to provide a detailed description of how ISI expanded and eventually moved into Syria changing their name to the Islamic State if Ira and Syria The authors review ISIS relationship with al aeda and Osama Bib Laden exploring their differences in strategy organization and interpretation of the ur an ISIS took advantage of events in Syria and expanded their violent millenarian view of Islam and by February 2014 Ayman al Zawahiri who had taken over leadership of al aeda after Bin laden was killed disassociated his organization from ISIS over their extreme tactics and their presence in Syria With Maliki s partisan Shia approach to governance and Sunnis Making Me Crazy (Multicultural Romance Series: NHL Billionaire Meets African American Beauty Book 1) joined ISIS many of which. The Islamic State known as ISIS exploded into the public eye in 2014 with startling speed and shocking brutality It has captured the imagination of the globalihadist movement attracting recruits in unprecedented numbers and wreaking bloody destruction with a sadistic glee that has alienated even the hardcore terrorists of its parent organization al aedaJessica Stern and JM Berger two of America’s leading experts on terrorism dissect the.